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  2. UNESCO. (2011). Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok: United Nations.
  3. World Health Organization. (June 2016). Tobacco Fact Sheet. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  4. Oberg, M. (2011). Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries. The Lancet , 139-146.
  5. World Health Organization (2012). WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Why is it important? , Geneva: World Health Organization.
  6. WHO, Guidelines for implementation of Article 5.3 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, FCTC/COP3(7) 32 (2008) [hereinafter Guidelines].
  7. WHO, WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (2005), [hereinafter FCTC].
  8. United Nations General Assembly, Draft resolution, submitted by the President of the General Assembly, of the Political declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (2011),
  9. WHO. Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020, at:
  10. Jay Solomon, EU Probes Cigarette Deal That May Have Aided Syria, WALL STREET JOURNAL, August 21, 2012,
  11. US v. Philip Morris, 449 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2006), 28.
  12. Joossens, L. and Raw, M., Cigarette smuggling in Europe: who really benefits? (1998),
  13. People ex rel Lockyer v. RJ Reynolds Tobacco Co., 116 Cal.App.4th 1253 (2005).
  14. Edward L Sweda Jr & Richard A Daynard, ‘Tobacco Industry Tactics’ (1996) Br Med Bull 52 (1): 183-192.doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.bmb.a011525.
  15. Marion Nestle, If tobacco gets plain packets will junk food be next?(2015),
  16. UNDP, Development Planning and Tobacco Control: Integrating the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control into UN and National Development Planning Instruments (2014), MDGs%20and%20Development%20Planning/Development%20Planning%20and%20Tobacco%20Control%202014%2002%2028%20PDF%20FINAL.pdf.
  17. British American Tobacco, Awards and recognition (2013),
  18. Transparency International, Transparency in Corporate Reporting: Assessing the World’s Largest Companies (2012),
  19. K. Alechnowicz & Simon Chapman, The Philippine Tobacco Industry: The Strongest Tobacco lobby in Asia (2004),; Transparency International, Lobbying in Europe: Hidden Influence, Privileged Access (2015),
  20. Fifty-Fourth World Health Assembly citing Report of the Committee of Experts on Tobacco Industry Documents, Tobacco Company Strategies to Undermine Tobacco Control Activities (2000),
  21. EDGAR Online, Excerpt from a DEF 14A SEC Filing, filed by PHILIP MORRIS INTERNATIONAL INC. on 3/27/2014,
  22. WHO, Policy Options and Recommendations on Economically Sustainable Alternatives to Tobacco Growing (2014) FCTC/COP/6/12.
  23. Panos Media Briefing, The Environmental Costs of Tobacco Production, <
  24. Id.
  25. Id.
  26. Human Rights Watch, Tobacco’s Hidden Children: Hazardous Child Labor in United States Tobacco Farming (2014), .pdf.
  27. Rene Espino, et al., Tobacco Farming in the ASEAN Region (2013), .
  28. Gary J. Fooks, et al., Corporate Social Responsibility and Access to Policy Élites: An Analysis of Tobacco Industry Documents (2011), 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001076.
  29. ECOSOC, Ad Hoc Inter-Agency Task Force on Tobacco Control: Report of the Secretary-General E/2013/61 (May 6, 2013); WHO, Tobacco Industry Interference with Tobacco Control (2008), httpv:// citing World Health Organization Committee of Experts on Tobacco Industry Documents, Tobacco industry strategies to undermine tobacco control activities at the World Health Organization (2000),; Larry Breed, Strategies of the Tobacco Industry,
  30. Guidelines, supra note vii, ¶27.
  31. Id.
  32. FCTC, supra note viii, at Art 5.2.
  33. Id, at Art 5.3.
  34. Id, at Art 5.5.
  35. Id, at Art 5.4.
  36. Steve Charnovitz, Nongovernmental Organizations and International Law, 100(2) AM J INT’L L 348, 361 (2006).
  37. International Law Commission, Draft articles on Responsibility of International Organizations for Internationally Wrongful Acts, with commentaries (2011), A/66/10, 5.
  38. WHO, ‘Guidelines for implementation of Article 13 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control’ (2008), 1.2.

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